Prostate cancer is a serious health concern that affects many men worldwide. It is estimated that one in every nine men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during their lifetime. Men who are aged 50 years or older are at the highest risk and should therefore be more cautious about their prostate health. There are numerous options for prostate treatment that are available, but these will vary depending on the stage and severity of the prostate cancer. This article offers a comprehensive guide to the prostate treatment options available.
Surgery is a common prostate cancer treatment option, especially in the case where the cancer has not spread to other parts of the body. The main types of surgery used for prostate cancer treatment include prostatectomy and robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. During a prostatectomy, the entire prostate gland is removed through a surgical incision. This type of surgery is typically recommended for men with localized prostate cancer.
Radiation therapy is a prostate cancer treatment option that uses targeted high-energy beams to destroy the cancerous cells. In some cases, the radiation may be delivered externally from a machine while in other cases, it will be placed inside the body. Common types of radiation therapy include external beam radiation and brachytherapy. External beam radiation delivers high-energy beams outside of the body, while brachytherapy uses radioactive seeds that are implanted into the prostate gland.
Hormone therapy is another prostate cancer treatment option that is commonly used in addition to radiation therapy or surgery. This treatment works by reducing the levels of testosterone in the body, which is the hormone that promotes prostate cancer growth. Hormone therapy can be administered through injections or medications; a common medication used in hormone therapy is the Luteinizing Hormone-Releasing Hormone (LH-RH) agonist.
Chemotherapy is a treatment option that uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. It is often used in later stages of prostate cancer or when prostate cancer has spread beyond the prostate gland. Chemotherapy drugs are usually given in cycles, which means that the treatment can last for several weeks or months. During chemotherapy, the drugs are delivered through an intravenous drip or through pills.
Active surveillance is a treatment option that is typically used for men with low-risk prostate cancer cases. During active surveillance, the doctor will monitor the prostate gland closely, and patients will undergo regular tests such as PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) blood tests and prostate biopsies to check for any cancer progression. This treatment option is often suggested for older men with lower-risk cancers, as treatment may cause more harm than good.
Choosing the right prostate cancer treatment option depends on the stage and severity of the cancer. With the right medical advice, patients can make informed decisions about the best treatment options for them. The above-listed prostate cancer treatment options are just some of the many options available to patients. If you have any concerns about prostate cancer or prostate health, it is important to seek medical advice from trained professionals. Remember, early detection and treatment increases the likelihood of successful treatment outcomes.